Overview About Flood Proofing Project (FPP)


Background

Coastal urban areas in Viet Nam are highly exposed to climate variability and natural hazards. Studies show that rainfall will increase even more in the wet season and, at the same time, sea level is expected to rise approximately 30 cm by 2015 and 75 cm by 2100. The exposure to the effects of climate change is expected to be highest in the central coastal regions of Viet Nam, one of the most vulnerable countries in terms of future climate change impacts in the world. This significantly increases the danger of flooding, especially in coastal cities.

In the past years, socio-economic development has proceeded rapidly. Especially the smaller and medium-sized coastal cities, such as Quy Nhon have shown rapid urbanization (Example here). This is increasing the pressure on urban infrastructure systems.

At the same time, the impacts of climate change are becoming more severe, leading to death, health impacts, massive economic loss and damage. In extreme conditions, there is a complete breakdown of public services such as drinking water, communication or transport.

Viet Nam is working towards adapting to the new challenges of climate change. With the National Target Programme on Climate Change and National Steering Committee on Climate Change, a new legislative environment has been created which supports strategies towards adaptation to climate change. In the field of disaster risk management, the national strategy for natural disaster prevention, response and mitigation to 2020 is currently guiding further efforts in this field. Recently, the first disaster risk management law was adopted, but a holistic approach to its implementation is being hampered by institutional fragmentation, sectoral planning, insufficient coordination, as well as institutional, technical, and financial incapacities on different levels. There is a need to improve disaster preparedness, such as through accurate early warning systems, risk mapping, improved drainage adaptation measures and integration into long- term urban development planning. All measures require long- term capacity including human resources, organizational development and an integrated institutional and legislative framework.

In the backdrop of the NTP and the National Strategy to 2020, the programme works in the field of climate change adaptation, disaster risk management and urban flood management and capacity building.

 

Objective

In cooperation with the Ministry of Construction, the programme´s main objective is to improve the capacities of public institutions and the local urban population to better adapt to the more frequent and severe urban flooding of climate change, particularly in the selected provincial cities of Nha Trang, Tuy Hoa, Quy Nhon, Quang Ngai and Soc Trang. This includes policy advice related to climate change adaptation, as well as technical advice and financial support regarding the implementation of provincial climate change action plans. On the provincial and city level, the capacities of the state authorities will be improved to allow for the successful implementation of adaptation measures in the area of urban flooding. This includes the development of drainage master plans and improved drainage systems, the development of local early warning systems and raising awareness of local precautions and household measures to adapt to increased flood risk in the face of climate change.